The town of Lunenburg was officially established in 1753. The early settlers came from Germany, Switzerland and the Montbeliard region of France. Farming, fishing, shipbuilding and ocean-based commerce all built a strong and vibrant economy for the area. Marine-related industries provided Lunenburg with a strong economic base for the subsequent 200 plus years.
The town was particularly active during the 1920s and 30s with the Age of Sail
. The harbour was constantly filled with sails and masts, and was home to the most famous schooner of all, the Bluenose. This was also a time of prohibition and the "rum running" era, when rumrunners would skulk into hidden coves and bays with their vessels to unload their illegal cargo.
Lunenburg's history is apparent as one walks along the streets and waterfront. Houses, businesses, churches and public buildings from the late 1700s and early 1800s are lovingly restored and still in use today. The Town's German heritage is clearly evident and the history of the fishing industry has been maintained through the Fisheries Museum of the Atlantic.
In 1992, the Government of Canada designated "Old Town" Lunenburg a National Historic District. In 1995, the World Heritage Committee, under the auspices of UNESCO, recognized Lunenburg's cultural and natural heritage by adding it to their World Heritage List.
To learn more about Lunenburg, view the local interest links
to related websites.